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Since the World Health Organization (WHO) announced its pandemic status on 11 March 2020, Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) has become a major challenge that must be addressed and resolved by all countries in the world. The rapid spread and distributed of this virus has led to the death of a large number of infected victims. On the other hand, the impact caused by Covid-19 is like a domino effect that not only attacks one sector but almost all sectors related to the needs of humanity around the world.

Responding to the situation, the Base for International Law and ASEAN Legal Studies (BILALS) in collaboration with Faculty of Law, Universitas Islam Indonesia (UII) held an online seminar on “New Global Governance System Post-Covid-19 Pandemic” on Thursday, 14 May 2020. The seminar also invited speakers from different countries, including Dr. Da Lu (China), Cristopher Cason JD (United States), Dodik Setiawan Nur Heriyanto S.H., M.H., LL.M., Ph.D., Gemilang Nur Mahardika S.H., LL.M., and Yaries Mahardika Putro S.H. (Indonesia). The seminar, moderated by Haekal Al Asyari S.H, opened with remarks made by Dodik, as Director of BILALS. In his remarks, he said, “These conditions should not prevent us from continuing to learn and spreading benefits the community, and hopefully this seminar can bring new knowledge and experience to the wider community,” Dodik said.

As the first speaker, Dr. Da Lu presented the theme of the presentation in the form of “Chinese Perspective: Timeline of the Pandemic and WHO Communication during Post-Covid-19.” In his presentation, he explained the development of Covid-19 in China, particularly in Wuhan, where he lived. ‘Beginning on January 23, 2020, Wuhan officially adopted a lock-down policy for its citizens. This policy was adopted to break the chain of distribution of Covid-19 in Wuhan. However, the implementation of this policy has an impact on the cessation of the economic wheels in Wuhan during the lock-down period and also, from the point of view of the Constitutional, the implementation of the state of emergency is often a half-way point”.

With the spread of Covid-19 to all countries around the world, not a few countries around the world are trying to hold China liable for this situation. Such as the United States, a few time ago, the United States openly asked for compensation for the losses suffered as a result of the Covid-19 outbreak in the country. However, it is undeniably true that this stance is more politicized than the legal facts that arise. “The stance of the U.S. government is nothing more than a political stance, and if the law is examined, the evidence will not be found,” said Christopher Cason.

In addition, on the international trade issue, Covid-19 has an impact on international trade transactions and global investment. Restrictions and even the closure of the territory of a country have almost stopped the transaction process in these two sectors. Therefore, in order to overcome this, Gemilang suggested that “it is very necessary to take a firm stance in a situation like this. There are only two options available in this situation, that is, to keep implementing the international trade law regime with all its limitations or to create a new legal regime in the field of international trade in order to adapt to current conditions”.

 

As a next speaker, Yaries stated that “With the large number of infected and dead victims caused by the Covid-19 in Europe, the EU Government agreed to disburse large funds in order to prevent this case. The funds are allocated, among others, to the needs of medical equipment, support funds to Member States, funding of vaccine research and other activities to break the chain of spread of this virus in Europe, “said Yaries.

As a closing presentation, the Director of BILALS presented a presentation entitled “WHO Governance during Post-Covid-19.” He explained that “A health policy reform is needed at both the international and national levels from all aspects affected by Covid-19. Policy reforms include the imposition of sanctions, punishment and rewards for each party in order to improve compliance with the policy, increase collaboration and cooperation to prevent incidents such as this, and increase the transparency of information provided by the WHO to all its Member States so that the country’s alertness process in dealing with the similar cases may be as high as possible.’

A total of 453 registered participants came from different regions of Indonesia and abroad with different professional backgrounds, such as students, lecturers, academics, civil servants, judges, notaries and lawyers.

The spread of pandemic decease, COVID-19, enforce all public and private sectors to prevent meetup and contact of mass people or public activity as well as Universitas Islam Indonesia (UII). As follow the Rector Circular Number 1048/Rek/10/SP/III/2020, all regular class are conducted by using online platforms. The online learning is now extended to 7th June 2020 as part of the tight mitigation prevention measures.

Based on Rector Circular, all of the lectures will be held online. So do the Faculty of Law, all regular lecture will be held using online platforms, like Zoom and Google Meet.

However, it is inevitably, the ability to master technology by some teaching staff and the lecturer is not evenly distributed. So, the Faculty of Law UII conducts a Workshop of Online Learning System by Utilizing Zoom and Google Hangout Meet Platform for lecturers. “Recently, lecturers at the Faculty of Law UII only familiar with google classroom, one of the online platforms from google besides the Google Hangout Meet. Therefore, training is needed to introduce the use of the application to lecturers and teaching staff to enhance the effectiveness of learning using Zoom”, said the Head of Committee, Dodik Setiawan Nur Heriyanto, SH., MH., LLM., Ph.D.

Due to the implementation of the Rector’s policy in the prevention of the COVID-19 at the university area, the tutorial was held by an online meeting using Zoom and Google Hangout Meeting platforms. “All of the participants are lecturers of the Faculty of Law. The content of the materials itself consists of how to manage Zoom and Google Hangout Meet for online lecture, and the student’s attendance status at google classroom”, said Dodik Setiawan.

The Workshop itself was held in 3 batches. The first batch was held on 19th March 2020 and attended by 17 participants. The second batch was held on 21st March 2020 and attended by 20 participants. While the third batch was held on 22nd March 2020 and attended by 14 participants. In the workshop, there were two speakers: Abdurahman Al-Faqih, SH., MA., LLM and Eko Riyadi, SH., MH. All the session was held online.

It seems the pandemic of COVID-19 will not stop the process of the lecture at the Faculty of Law of UII. “We do hope the pandemic will stop soon and all the lecture back to normal. But, for the mitigation, we really do our best to provides transfer of knowledge to our students in safety ways”, said Dodik Setiawan.